CISM - Section II
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES OF DEBRIEFING
2. - Accelerate recovery process in people who experiencing stress reactions to abnormal traumatic events.
The CISM process is considered one of the most important mechanisms to reduce the potential of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It allows people to verbalize their distress and form appropriate concepts about stress reaction before false interpretations of the experience are fixed in their minds.
The core focus of CISM is the relief of stress in normal, emotionally healthy people who have experienced traumatic events. The debriefing has not been developed to resolve degenerative stress or personal problems which existed before the disaster or traumatic event which is the subject of the debriefing.
Secondary objectives of the CISM process:
The CISD has been developed to help people cope with the most stressful events. It was designed with the routine in mind. CISM should not be applied only to those events which are extraordinary. Overuse of the process will dilute itís potency and cause it to be far less helpful on more serious events. If mildly disturbing events occur, other types of interventions should be applied.
NJ CRITICAL INCIDENT STRESS MANAGEMENT TEAM
FACT SHEET ABOUT CRITICAL INCIDENT STRESS
FOR INFORMATION CONTACT
WHAT IS CRITICAL INCIDENT STRESS?
The Critical Incident Stress (CIS) syndrome may defined as:
The CIS syndrome has been researched thoroughly, and is known to effect up to 87% of all emergency service personnel both (career and volunteer) at some point in their careers. It will affect veterans and new workers and those working in urban and rural environments. NO ONE. In fact is immune. CIS symptoms are most often temporary in nature, disappearing within a few weeks. Some workers, however, may suffer prolonged debilitating symptoms. The most common events which trigger CIS symptoms include:
1. The death of a co-worker
WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT CIS?
Most importantly, understand and accept the fact that you do have to suffer from the effects of CIS ALONE. All of us have been there, and we understand. You have been involved in a type of incident which frequently causes problems for emergency responders. Many of these problems involve feelings of being overwhelmed or inadequate, or of anger at what happened or a frustration that not enough was done. When faced with this type of event, some workers experience physical problems including nausea, profuse sweating or chills, tremors, or an increased pulse rate. They may become confused and have difficulty making decisions or remembering orders or procedures. Some personnel suffer a sense of grief, anger, or far of the eventís repetition. Numbness, isolation, and a sense of being alone are also common feelings that emergency services workers feel.
After the event, it isnít uncommon for emergency services personnel to suffer from nightmares, flashbacks, poor sleeping and eating habits, moodiness, irritability and anxiety. One of the most serious problems concerns reliving the event and being overly critical. If you have any of these or similar problems, or experience them in the near future, understand that what you are suffering is not unusual. All of the above are symptoms of a syndrome which affects almost ALL Police Officers, Firefighters, Dispatchers and EMS personnel. This syndrome is called Critical Incident Stress, or CIS and itís symptoms are completely normal reactions suffered by normal people in an abnormal event.Click here to go to CISM - Section III and learn some basic CISM techniques to help a co-worker, friend or family member.
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